Research Paper

E-ISSN No: 2454-9916 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 7 | July 2020

INNOVATIVE AND BEST PRACTICES IN TEACHING,

LEARNING

Dr. Sunita B. Jadhav

Assistant Professor, Dept. of Sociology, M.G.V.C College, Muddebihal, India.

ABSTRACT

Education is a light that shows the mankind the right direction to surge. The purpose of education is not just making a student literate but adds rationale thinking, knowledge and self sufficiency. In order to improve and to maintain the quality of higher education NAAC has made it obligatory to establish a strong and empowered IQAC cell in every educational institution. Teaching, learning and evaluation process of the institution is one of the most important criterions among the seven criterions to serve as the basis for assessment of colleges. These three components are important pillars of education on which building of the future is to be constructed to touch the new heights. As it is said that there 1s no teaching unless there is learning, teacher uses variety of methods to make the concept more comprehensible. Any communication methods that serve this purpose without destroying the objective could be considered as innovative methods of teaching. The use of innovative methods in educational institutions has the potential not only to improve education, but also to develop creativity, empower people, strengthen governance and galvanize the effort to achieve the human development goal for the country. The purpose of this paper is to suggest useful innovative teaching, learning and evaluation

methods that can be attempted in imparting knowledge to the students.

KEYWORDS: NAAC, IQAC, Innovative, Best Practices, Teaching-Learning.

INTRODUCTION:

Over more than five decades during the post-independence period there had been considerable quantitative expansion in the higher education system especially rendering conventional courses in the faculties of Arts, Science and Commerce with meager efforts to improve its qualitative aspects. The demand for globaliza- tion of education system during nineties attracted the attention of government of India in this area. It thought of overhauling its conventional higher education sys- tem in India through the autonomous institution of UGC called “National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) established at Bangalore on Sep- tember, 1994. NAAC was assigned the task of performance evaluation, assess- ment and accreditation of universities and colleges in the country. It has been entrusted with the job of defining and refining the norms of quality higher educa- tion and doing the continuous assessment and accreditation of the Higher Educa- tion Institutions (HEIs) in India on the basis of such norms. The NAAC on com- pletion of the first accreditation phase of universities and colleges in India pro- poses accredited institution to establish an Internal Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC) for monitoring the efforts towards sustenance and enhancement of qual- ity of education as per the guidelines of NAAC. Since quality enhancement is a continuous process, the IQAC has been entrusted with the most crucial task of evolving asystem for conscious, consistent and catalytic improvement in the per- formance of educational institutions. It has to play the role of quality circle in the industries rather than becoming yet another hierarchical structure or record keep- ing exercise in the institution.

INNOVATIVE AND BEST PRACTICES IN TEACHING LEARNING: The first pre-requisite for the qualitative improvement of education in the col- leges and its improved accreditation by NAAC is the establishment of a strong and empowered IQAC cell composed of dynamic academicians cum administra- tive leaders from institution with participative leadership style. The cell should establish and excellent communication with the principal & management, moti- vate and mould the attitudes of the staff, students rest of the stakeholders.

INNOVATIVE TEACHING:

An innovative effort of an institution helps in its academic excellence. An inno- vative practice could be a pathway created to further the interest of the student and the institution, for internal quality assurance, inclusive practices and stake- holder relationships. Nowadays there is democratization of knowledge and the role of the teacher is changing to that of facilitator. We need to have interactive teaching and this changing role of education 1s inevitable with the introduction of multimedia technology and the spawning of a technologically-savvy generation of youths. The analysis reveals some of the suggestions that the teaching commu- nity can practice in the classrooms.

¢ Information and Communication Technology has made many innova- tions in the field of teaching and also made a drastic change from the old paradigm of teaching and learning. In the new example of learning, the role of student is more important than teachers. The concepts of paperless and pen less classroom are emerging as an alternative to the old teaching learning method.

¢ The teacher can use multimedia to modify the contents of the material. It

helps him/her to represent in a more meaningful way, using different media elements. These media elements can be converted into digital form, modified and customized for the final presentation. By incorpo- rating digital media elements into the project, the students are able to learn better since they use multiple sensory modalities, which would make them more motivated to pay more attention to the information pre- sented and retain the information better.

e Students can receive the images as digital files, PCs, compact computers that allow the teacher to write notes directly on the screen with a special pen, replace the archaic projector. Technology allows teachers to make notes on charts and spreadsheets and send them directly to their students' Pcs.

¢ Another innovative teaching method is mind maps, which is a simple technique for drawing information in diagrams, instead of writing it in sentences. These are also very quick to review, as it is easy to refresh information in student's mind just by glancing once. Mind maps can also be effective mnemonics and remembering their shape and structure can provide the cues necessary to remember the information within it. They engage much more of the brain in the process of assimilating and con- necting facts than conventional notes. The key notion behind mind map- ping is that student learns and remembers more effectively by using the full range of visual and sensory tools at his/her disposal.

¢ The sense of humor can also be an innovative teaching method. Students always like lively and delightful personalities and that's natural. If one teaches whatever he/she wants in a humorous, delightful and entertain- ing way, he/she can easily achieve target. Humor strengthens the rela- tionship between student and teacher, reduces stress, makes a course more interesting and if relevant to the subject, may even enhance recall of the material. Humor has the ability to relax people, reduce stress and tension, and thereby create an atmosphere conducive for learning and communication.

e There are many devices with the help of which one can teach effectively for e.g. the games like word-antakshari, Spin-a-yarn; Role-Playings etc. are very effective in developing their linguistic competence. If this method is used properly, language-learning becomes more interesting and easy.

e Another innovative teaching method is the mnemonics words. Here the teacher is not supposed to talk on a particular concept for a quite long time. But to make it clear to the students he/she can just go on saying mnemonics or its associated meaning in words. Here he/she goes on say- ing only words instead of sentence, and once they come to a basic under- standing of the meaning of a particular concept, then the teacher will explain in sentences. For example, in teaching language courses this technique can be used as an effective medium by the teacher to develop word power.

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Research Paper

¢ Moreover, role playing and scenario analysis is another innovative method of teaching. Science based courses have practical but in support of those practical if students are given a scenario and other options to solve a particular issue, then the students are exposed to decision mak- ing in a given environment. One main advantage of role-playing is the possibility to encourage evaluation and synthesis of the subject matter, while practically taking students out of their chairs and allow them to learn it by doing.

INNOVATIVE LEARNING:

¢ Iflearners are actively engaged with a task which they accept is for learning they are not simply follow a prescription or set of rules, but contribute their own thinking to the task.

The task should be constructed to allow significant elements of choice by the learners so that they can begin to own it and make it meaningful and worth- while for them—it becomes a task which is not undertaken simply to satisfy the needs of the teacher.

Learners' experience should be challenged or confronted in some way which allows them to reassess their experience and the assumptions on which they are operating.

Learners must be obliged to intervene in some way in their own learning pro- cess; they have to make choices and follow the consequences of their choices.

BEST PRACTICES:

The departments should be advised to shortlist the scholar students in various sub- jects and design mechanism to shape their careers through the activities such as extra books through departmental library, career counseling workshops, special coaching, training in competitive examinations, deputation to the events orga- nized by other renounced colleges and management institutions etc.

The admission process of the college should made student friendly and it should be given in the college prospectus and the college website. The college should develop student enrolment profile annually either though the modification in the software used or manually. The profile report should indicate the socio- economic and geographic status of the students enrolled for its various academic, professional, certification, add on and other courses. This cumulative record will be very useful for the teachers in proving educational guidance and counseling.

Some courses may be designed especially for Girls such as beautician, dress designing, cookery, art of mehndi & rangoli, nursing etc. Proper planning and execution of these courses will not only add to the skills, knowledge and person- ality development of students and make them employable but bring an academic flexibility in our education system. It will enable our students to accomplish many such courses simultaneously while pursuing their graduation.

Providing Remedial Coaching, NET / SET Coaching, Coaching for entry in ser- vices and Career counseling cell. These cells enable the colleges in catering the diverse educational needs of our students coming from different strata of our soci- ety and ensuring them a better career and a bright future. Teachers anchoring these courses should work with missionary zeal and they should be dynamic in approach. If feasible, they should sign MOUs with the professional organiza- tions training the students for competitive examinations. But they should come out with tangible results by placing the students on jobs.

The institution should adopt ICT and modern methods of teaching, develop e- learning resources such as LCD, internet, e books, video clips, films, educational CDs, e-notes etc. It should arrange orientation and training camps and work- shops for its teachers, students and administrative staff to upgrade their techno- logical skills. It should encourage its staff to prepare their presentations and notes in soft form and keep on their personal and college websites. If their notes are available to the students in soft form the teachers will have adequate time to take up other developmental activities for the college and students such as prepara- tory and revisionary assignments, students' subject QUIZ, Seminars, PPT pre- sentations, group discussion, mock interviews, Unit tests etc. Designing own con- tinuous internal evaluation system at the college level. It should contain announced and unannounced test, unit tests, individual and group assignments, PPT competitions, online tests etc. Quality of teachers is a decisive factor in the qualitative improvement in the education system. In fact the teachers are the spear head if the quality improvement movement in a college. Hence teachers from the various departments should deputed for research fellowships, orienta- tions and refresher courses, international, national and regional seminars and con- ferences, and such other programs meant for their academic development.

College should also encourage the department to organize workshops, seminars and conferences in the college for upgrading the knowledge of the teachers. They must be encouraged to participate in refresher courses. Organization of work- shops, seminar, conferences at college level, national level and international level on themes relevant to the courses offered. Child centered teaching styles like Group discussions, role playing, projects, brain storming, and case study can be followed

E-ISSN No : 2454-9916 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 7 | July 2020

The college should evolve a strong feedback system from all its stakeholders in order to evaluate and improve the operating efficiency of all the activities, func- tions and sections. Then it should take corrective measures to improve the effi- ciency of its segments. It should develop the practice of maintaining the proper record of all sorts of activities carried on so as to enable the assessment by NAAC.

CONCLUSION:

It can be concluded that by following child centered method of teaching —learn- ing based on the innovations the institution and cater to the diverse needs of the students, improve its teaching- learning process. It will also help the institution to improve the student enrollment and their profile. Evaluation process will give the direction in which required changes are to be made. Following all these methods and best practices institution will surely attain better grades.

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